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CBT (Compulsory Basic Training)

All learner motorcyclists and moped riders must satisfactorily complete CBT (Compulsory Basic Training) before riding on the road. The CBT course covers 5 stages. These have to be taken in sequence. The whole course takes from 6 to 8 hours.

When you've successfully completed all 5 stages you'll be issued with a Certificate of Completion of training (DL196). A DL196 has a 2 year life. If you don't pass both your theory and practical tests in that time then you'll have to take the CBT course again.

You can now ride on the road on a learner legal motorcycle. You can also now apply for the DSA motorcycle theory test and, if you pass that, go on to take the practical test. After CBT there are other courses you can go on to prepare for the test.

Stage 1
Before the CBT course can start you will be given an eyesight test. You must be able to read a number plate. If you fail the eyesight test the course will not continue. Before you can do any practical training your instructor will talk to you about:

• The legal requirements
• The aims of the CBT course
• The importance of the right equipment and clothing

Legal Requirements
In element A your trainer will check that you have all the legal requirements such as a driving licence and a roadworthy bike with road tax and MOT (if the bike is over 3 years old). If you're hiring a bike from the training centre then all you'll need is a licence. (Both parts, photo card and paper part, if you have a new licence.)

If you are using your own bike you must also have insurance and L plates front and rear (non-cut near vertical). Most training centres will rent you a bike with insurance cover.

You must also have a helmet which meets BSI 6658 and ECE 22-05 standards (there should be a sticker indicating this). If not we will rent or lend you one.

Equipment and Clothing
In Element A your instructor will check that your bike is legal (if you're using your own) by looking at the documentation that you bring with you.

Essential clothing requirements for CBT:

• Helmet - BSI 6658 and ECE 22-05 standards
• British Standards approved visor
• Comfortable fit but snug
• Tough jacket
• Tough trouser
• Good pair of sturdy over the ankle boots
• Winter clothing for winter, summer clothing for summer
• If it's wet bring some waterproofs
• Remember tough, warm, waterproof, roomy and bright (We can lend you gloves, waterproof and helmet)

At the end of the session you should understand the purpose of the course and the relative merits of different types of protective clothing.

Stage 2

• Foot controls
• Left handlebar controls
• Right handlebar controls
• Instrument panel
• Basic machine checks
- The stand
- Wheeling the bike left and right (figure of eight)
- Braking
- Starting and stopping the engine

Stage 3

• Riding
- Clutch control
- Gear changing
• Braking
• Indicating and maneuvering
- Rear observation
- The OSM/PSL routine
• Moving off and stopping at the kerb
- turning right and left
- junctions
- U-turns

Stage 4
Element D is about the dangers of riding on the road. This element must be completed satisfactorily before any road riding is undertaken. At the end of the session you should understand the need to

• Recognize the importance of reading and understanding the Highway Code
• Ride defensively and anticipate the actions of other road users
• Use rear observation at appropriate times
• Assume the correct road position whilst riding
• Leave sufficient space when following another vehicle
• Pay due regard to the effects of varying weather conditions when riding
• Be aware of the effect on a vehicle of the various types of road surface
• Be aware of the need to be clearly visible to other road users (the use of conspicuity aids)
• Recognize the legal requirements for riding on the road
• Understand why motorcyclists are more vulnerable than most road users
• Drive at the correct speed according to road and traffic conditions
• Be aware of the consequences of aggressive attitudes when riding
• Be aware of the importance of hazard perception
• Be aware of the dangers of drug and alcohol use

Stage 5
You will now go out onto to the roads, with a maximum of one other student, to practice everything you have learnt over the past few hours.

You will have to demonstrate that you can ride competently and safely in a variety of road and traffic conditions.

Your training will cover how to cope with a range of hazards and include as many of the following as possible:

• Traffic lights
• Roundabouts
• Junctions
• Pedestrian crossings
• Gradients
• Bends
• Obstructions

You must repeat the following exercises (originally practised during element C) but this time in on-road conditions:

• Carry out the U turn
• Manoeuvre satisfactorily
• Bring the machine to a stop under full control as in an emergency

At the end of this session you will be assessed. If you have performed adequately and if you show that you recognise your mistakes and that you are aware of the need to continue practising on your own then you will be given the certificate of completion (DL196).

The CBT certificate validates your provisional licence and must be kept with it and produced when required and at your driving test. It is valid for 2 years. If you lose it your training centre will be able to provide you with a duplicate.

You should also note that CBT does not train a rider to practical test standard, and that in the Department of Transport's view, further training is advisable.

The course will now be formally closed.

When you've satisfactorily completed your CBT (Compulsory Basic Training) course you'll be given a "Certificate of Completion of an Approved Training Course for Motor Vehicles in Categories A and P" or DL196 for short. Category A is for motorcycles, and category P is for mopeds. The DL196 validates the provisional motorcycle and/or moped entitlement on your driving licence. With the DL196 and your provisional licence you're now licensed to ride on the road with L plates (D plates in Wales) and to practice for your motorcycle or moped test.

When you attend a motorcycle or moped test present the DL196 to your driving examiner. If you don't take it with you your test will be cancelled and you'll lose your fee.

The certificate has a 2 year life. If you don't pass both your theory and practical tests within that time you'll have to take your CBT again.

The certificate has name, address, driver number (so is not transferable), date of issue and a hologram to help prevent fraud.

The other details include the instructor's name and certificate number, and the address and reference of the training body.

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